A mounting body of research suggests the labor market is in the middle of a pivot—a rather ominous one already being called the “fourth industrial revolution.” One study by Citigroup and Oxford University found that 47 percent of jobs could be automated in the next decade. More recently, a report by the McKinsey Global Institute found that nearly half of all jobs could be replaced by technology that already exists—drones, self-driving vehicles, automatic kiosks, robo-traders, self-learning software, 3-D printers, and other forms of artificial intelligence.
How do we navigate the fast-changing nature of our economy with courage as opposed to fear, with thoughtfulness as opposed to reactivity, and with theological curiosity as opposed apathetic fatalism? What does this meaning for the future of work? How do church leaders pastor and disciple others in light of this change?